What is Blood Pressure?
The blood pressure or blood pressure is essential to flow through the blood vessels and perform its function. All tissues of the body carry oxygen and nutrients they need to maintain their activity correctly. It can remain defined as the force that the blood exerts on the walls of the arteries, which is higher (systolic pressure) when the heart pumps it towards the streets and lower (diastolic pressure) between one beat and another heart muscle.
And these, the systolic and diastolic, are the values used to measure blood pressure. It is essential when evaluating general health since being above normal (hypertension) can pose a significant risk of serious diseases (heart disease, heart attack, stroke, kidney failure, etc.). When it is low (hypotension), it can cause states of confusion, dizziness, vertigo, fainting, weakness or drowsiness.
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Types Of Blood Pressure
Based on the [blood pressure] values (the first is systolic or high and the second is diastolic or low), it remains classified as follows:
Values that determine normality can range from 90/60 to 130/90 mm of mercury.
Hypertension or high blood pressure:
If it exceeds 140/90 mm of mercury. Ageing usually leads to increased [blood pressure] due to the hardening of the arterial walls, so it is widespread for older people to suffer from hypertension.
In a recently incorporated classification, which is determined when the blood pressure value is between 130/80 and 140/90 mm of mercury. The reason is that specialists consider that now is the time to start more continuous monitoring of [blood pressure] and to adopt preventive measures that affect lifestyle, especially concerning diet and regular exercise, as well as to quit tobacco if you are a smoker.
It must remain that the [blood pressure] values do not remain unchanged throughout the day but instead undergo fluctuations depending on different factors. This classification defines the existence or not of pathological states. However, situations in which a specific elevation or decrease in [blood pressure] can occur do not necessarily imply a blood pressure problem.
Thus, stress or dangerous situations can produce a temporary but significant increase due to the high secretion of adrenaline. And norepinephrine or the activation of the parasympathetic nervous system. These factors contribute to an increase in heart rate. On the contrary, dehydration, alcohol consumption, the consumption of certain medications. Hypoglycemia or shock situations (anaphylaxis, heart attack, etc.), among other causes. Can induce a sudden drop in [blood pressure].